Source code for sympy.combinatorics.testutil

from sympy.combinatorics.util import _distribute_gens_by_base
from sympy.combinatorics import Permutation

rmul = Permutation.rmul


[docs]def _cmp_perm_lists(first, second): """ Compare two lists of permutations as sets. This is used for testing purposes. Since the array form of a permutation is currently a list, Permutation is not hashable and cannot be put into a set. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.combinatorics.permutations import Permutation >>> from sympy.combinatorics.testutil import _cmp_perm_lists >>> a = Permutation([0, 2, 3, 4, 1]) >>> b = Permutation([1, 2, 0, 4, 3]) >>> c = Permutation([3, 4, 0, 1, 2]) >>> ls1 = [a, b, c] >>> ls2 = [b, c, a] >>> _cmp_perm_lists(ls1, ls2) True """ return set([tuple(a) for a in first]) == \ set([tuple(a) for a in second])
[docs]def _naive_list_centralizer(self, other, af=False): from sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups import PermutationGroup """ Return a list of elements for the centralizer of a subgroup/set/element. This is a brute-force implementation that goes over all elements of the group and checks for membership in the centralizer. It is used to test ``.centralizer()`` from ``sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups``. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.combinatorics.testutil import _naive_list_centralizer >>> from sympy.combinatorics.named_groups import DihedralGroup >>> D = DihedralGroup(4) >>> _naive_list_centralizer(D, D) [Permutation([0, 1, 2, 3]), Permutation([2, 3, 0, 1])] See Also ======== sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups.centralizer """ from sympy.combinatorics.permutations import _af_commutes_with if hasattr(other, 'generators'): elements = list(self.generate_dimino(af=True)) gens = [x._array_form for x in other.generators] commutes_with_gens = lambda x: all(_af_commutes_with(x, gen) for gen in gens) centralizer_list = [] if not af: for element in elements: if commutes_with_gens(element): centralizer_list.append(Permutation._af_new(element)) else: for element in elements: if commutes_with_gens(element): centralizer_list.append(element) return centralizer_list elif hasattr(other, 'getitem'): return _naive_list_centralizer(self, PermutationGroup(other), af) elif hasattr(other, 'array_form'): return _naive_list_centralizer(self, PermutationGroup([other]), af)
[docs]def _verify_bsgs(group, base, gens): """ Verify the correctness of a base and strong generating set. This is a naive implementation using the definition of a base and a strong generating set relative to it. There are other procedures for verifying a base and strong generating set, but this one will serve for more robust testing. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.combinatorics.named_groups import AlternatingGroup >>> from sympy.combinatorics.testutil import _verify_bsgs >>> A = AlternatingGroup(4) >>> A.schreier_sims() >>> _verify_bsgs(A, A.base, A.strong_gens) True See Also ======== sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups.PermutationGroup.schreier_sims """ from sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups import PermutationGroup strong_gens_distr = _distribute_gens_by_base(base, gens) current_stabilizer = group for i in range(len(base)): candidate = PermutationGroup(strong_gens_distr[i]) if current_stabilizer.order() != candidate.order(): return False current_stabilizer = current_stabilizer.stabilizer(base[i]) if current_stabilizer.order() != 1: return False return True
[docs]def _verify_centralizer(group, arg, centr=None): """ Verify the centralizer of a group/set/element inside another group. This is used for testing ``.centralizer()`` from ``sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups`` Examples ======== >>> from sympy.combinatorics.named_groups import (SymmetricGroup, ... AlternatingGroup) >>> from sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups import PermutationGroup >>> from sympy.combinatorics.permutations import Permutation >>> from sympy.combinatorics.testutil import _verify_centralizer >>> S = SymmetricGroup(5) >>> A = AlternatingGroup(5) >>> centr = PermutationGroup([Permutation([0, 1, 2, 3, 4])]) >>> _verify_centralizer(S, A, centr) True See Also ======== _naive_list_centralizer, sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups.PermutationGroup.centralizer, _cmp_perm_lists """ if centr is None: centr = group.centralizer(arg) centr_list = list(centr.generate_dimino(af=True)) centr_list_naive = _naive_list_centralizer(group, arg, af=True) return _cmp_perm_lists(centr_list, centr_list_naive)
[docs]def _verify_normal_closure(group, arg, closure=None): from sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups import PermutationGroup """ Verify the normal closure of a subgroup/subset/element in a group. This is used to test sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups.PermutationGroup.normal_closure Examples ======== >>> from sympy.combinatorics.named_groups import (SymmetricGroup, ... AlternatingGroup) >>> from sympy.combinatorics.testutil import _verify_normal_closure >>> S = SymmetricGroup(3) >>> A = AlternatingGroup(3) >>> _verify_normal_closure(S, A, closure=A) True See Also ======== sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups.PermutationGroup.normal_closure """ if closure is None: closure = group.normal_closure(arg) conjugates = set() if hasattr(arg, 'generators'): subgr_gens = arg.generators elif hasattr(arg, '__getitem__'): subgr_gens = arg elif hasattr(arg, 'array_form'): subgr_gens = [arg] for el in group.generate_dimino(): for gen in subgr_gens: conjugates.add(gen^el) naive_closure = PermutationGroup(list(conjugates)) return closure.is_subgroup(naive_closure)
def canonicalize_naive(g, dummies, sym, *v): """ canonicalize tensor formed by tensors of the different types g permutation representing the tensor dummies list of dummy indices msym symmetry of the metric v is a list of (base_i, gens_i, n_i, sym_i) for tensors of type `i` base_i, gens_i BSGS for tensors of this type n_i number ot tensors of type `i` sym_i symmetry under exchange of two component tensors of type `i` None no symmetry 0 commuting 1 anticommuting Return 0 if the tensor is zero, else return the array form of the permutation representing the canonical form of the tensor. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.combinatorics.testutil import canonicalize_naive >>> from sympy.combinatorics.tensor_can import get_symmetric_group_sgs >>> from sympy.combinatorics import Permutation, PermutationGroup >>> g = Permutation([1,3,2,0,4,5]) >>> base2, gens2 = get_symmetric_group_sgs(2) >>> canonicalize_naive(g, [2, 3], 0, (base2, gens2, 2, 0)) [0, 2, 1, 3, 4, 5] """ from sympy.combinatorics.perm_groups import PermutationGroup from sympy.combinatorics.tensor_can import gens_products, dummy_sgs from sympy.combinatorics.permutations import Permutation, _af_rmul v1 = [] for i in range(len(v)): base_i, gens_i, n_i, sym_i = v[i] v1.append((base_i, gens_i, [[]]*n_i, sym_i)) size, sbase, sgens = gens_products(*v1) dgens = dummy_sgs(dummies, sym, size-2) if isinstance(sym, int): num_types = 1 dummies = [dummies] sym = [sym] else: num_types = len(sym) dgens = [] for i in range(num_types): dgens.extend(dummy_sgs(dummies[i], sym[i], size - 2)) S = PermutationGroup(sgens) D = PermutationGroup([Permutation(x) for x in dgens]) dlist = list(D.generate(af=True)) g = g.array_form st = set() for s in S.generate(af=True): h = _af_rmul(g, s) for d in dlist: q = tuple(_af_rmul(d, h)) st.add(q) a = list(st) a.sort() prev = (0,)*size for h in a: if h[:-2] == prev[:-2]: if h[-1] != prev[-1]: return 0 prev = h return list(a[0]) def graph_certificate(gr): """ Return a certificate for the graph gr adjacency list The graph is assumed to be unoriented and without external lines. Associate to each vertex of the graph a symmetric tensor with number of indices equal to the degree of the vertex; indices are contracted when they correspond to the same line of the graph. The canonical form of the tensor gives a certificate for the graph. This is not an efficient algorithm to get the certificate of a graph. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.combinatorics.testutil import graph_certificate >>> gr1 = {0:[1,2,3,5], 1:[0,2,4], 2:[0,1,3,4], 3:[0,2,4], 4:[1,2,3,5], 5:[0,4]} >>> gr2 = {0:[1,5], 1:[0,2,3,4], 2:[1,3,5], 3:[1,2,4,5], 4:[1,3,5], 5:[0,2,3,4]} >>> c1 = graph_certificate(gr1) >>> c2 = graph_certificate(gr2) >>> c1 [0, 2, 4, 6, 1, 8, 10, 12, 3, 14, 16, 18, 5, 9, 15, 7, 11, 17, 13, 19, 20, 21] >>> c1 == c2 True """ from sympy.combinatorics.permutations import _af_invert from sympy.combinatorics.tensor_can import get_symmetric_group_sgs, canonicalize items = gr.items() items.sort(key=lambda x: len(x[1]), reverse=True) pvert = [x[0] for x in items] pvert = _af_invert(pvert) # the indices of the tensor are twice the number of lines of the graph num_indices = 0 for v, neigh in items: num_indices += len(neigh) # associate to each vertex its indices; for each line # between two vertices assign the # even index to the vertex which comes first in items, # the odd index to the other vertex vertices = [[] for i in items] i = 0 for v, neigh in items: for v2 in neigh: if pvert[v] < pvert[v2]: vertices[pvert[v]].append(i) vertices[pvert[v2]].append(i+1) i += 2 g = [] for v in vertices: g.extend(v) assert len(g) == num_indices g += [num_indices, num_indices + 1] size = num_indices + 2 assert sorted(g) == range(size) g = Permutation(g) vlen = [0]*(len(vertices[0])+1) for neigh in vertices: vlen[len(neigh)] += 1 v = [] for i in range(len(vlen)): n = vlen[i] if n: base, gens = get_symmetric_group_sgs(i) v.append((base, gens, n, 0)) v.reverse() dummies = range(num_indices) can = canonicalize(g, dummies, 0, *v) return can