# Functions Module¶

All functions support the methods documented below, inherited from sympy.core.function.Function.

class sympy.core.function.Function[source]

Base class for applied mathematical functions.

It also serves as a constructor for undefined function classes.

Examples

First example shows how to use Function as a constructor for undefined function classes:

>>> from sympy import Function, Symbol
>>> x = Symbol('x')
>>> f = Function('f')
>>> g = Function('g')(x)
>>> f
f
>>> f(x)
f(x)
>>> g
g(x)
>>> f(x).diff(x)
Derivative(f(x), x)
>>> g.diff(x)
Derivative(g(x), x)


In the following example Function is used as a base class for my_func that represents a mathematical function my_func. Suppose that it is well known, that my_func(0) is 1 and my_func at infinity goes to 0, so we want those two simplifications to occur automatically. Suppose also that my_func(x) is real exactly when x is real. Here is an implementation that honours those requirements:

>>> from sympy import Function, S, oo, I, sin
>>> class my_func(Function):
...
...     nargs = 1
...
...     @classmethod
...     def eval(cls, x):
...         if x.is_Number:
...             if x is S.Zero:
...                 return S.One
...             elif x is S.Infinity:
...                 return S.Zero
...
...     def _eval_is_real(self):
...         return self.args[0].is_real
...
>>> x = S('x')
>>> my_func(0) + sin(0)
1
>>> my_func(oo)
0
>>> my_func(3.54).n() # Not yet implemented for my_func.
my_func(3.54)
>>> my_func(I).is_real
False


In order for my_func to become useful, several other methods would need to be implemented. See source code of some of the already implemented functions for more complete examples.

Attributes

 nargs
Function.as_base_exp()[source]

Returns the method as the 2-tuple (base, exponent).

Function.fdiff(argindex=1)[source]

Returns the first derivative of the function.

Function.is_commutative[source]

Returns whether the functon is commutative.

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