Source code for sympy.physics.vector.frame

from sympy.core.backend import (diff, expand, sin, cos, sympify,
                   eye, symbols, ImmutableMatrix as Matrix, MatrixBase)
from sympy import (trigsimp, solve, Symbol, Dummy)
from sympy.core.compatibility import string_types, range
from sympy.physics.vector.vector import Vector, _check_vector

__all__ = ['CoordinateSym', 'ReferenceFrame']


[docs]class CoordinateSym(Symbol): """ A coordinate symbol/base scalar associated wrt a Reference Frame. Ideally, users should not instantiate this class. Instances of this class must only be accessed through the corresponding frame as 'frame[index]'. CoordinateSyms having the same frame and index parameters are equal (even though they may be instantiated separately). Parameters ========== name : string The display name of the CoordinateSym frame : ReferenceFrame The reference frame this base scalar belongs to index : 0, 1 or 2 The index of the dimension denoted by this coordinate variable Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, CoordinateSym >>> A = ReferenceFrame('A') >>> A[1] A_y >>> type(A[0]) <class 'sympy.physics.vector.frame.CoordinateSym'> >>> a_y = CoordinateSym('a_y', A, 1) >>> a_y == A[1] True """ def __new__(cls, name, frame, index): # We can't use the cached Symbol.__new__ because this class depends on # frame and index, which are not passed to Symbol.__xnew__. assumptions = {} super(CoordinateSym, cls)._sanitize(assumptions, cls) obj = super(CoordinateSym, cls).__xnew__(cls, name, **assumptions) _check_frame(frame) if index not in range(0, 3): raise ValueError("Invalid index specified") obj._id = (frame, index) return obj @property def frame(self): return self._id[0] def __eq__(self, other): #Check if the other object is a CoordinateSym of the same frame #and same index if isinstance(other, CoordinateSym): if other._id == self._id: return True return False def __ne__(self, other): return not self.__eq__(other) def __hash__(self): return tuple((self._id[0].__hash__(), self._id[1])).__hash__()
[docs]class ReferenceFrame(object): """A reference frame in classical mechanics. ReferenceFrame is a class used to represent a reference frame in classical mechanics. It has a standard basis of three unit vectors in the frame's x, y, and z directions. It also can have a rotation relative to a parent frame; this rotation is defined by a direction cosine matrix relating this frame's basis vectors to the parent frame's basis vectors. It can also have an angular velocity vector, defined in another frame. """ _count = 0 def __init__(self, name, indices=None, latexs=None, variables=None): """ReferenceFrame initialization method. A ReferenceFrame has a set of orthonormal basis vectors, along with orientations relative to other ReferenceFrames and angular velocities relative to other ReferenceFrames. Parameters ========== indices : list (of strings) If custom indices are desired for console, pretty, and LaTeX printing, supply three as a list. The basis vectors can then be accessed with the get_item method. latexs : list (of strings) If custom names are desired for LaTeX printing of each basis vector, supply the names here in a list. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, vlatex >>> N = ReferenceFrame('N') >>> N.x N.x >>> O = ReferenceFrame('O', indices=('1', '2', '3')) >>> O.x O['1'] >>> O['1'] O['1'] >>> P = ReferenceFrame('P', latexs=('A1', 'A2', 'A3')) >>> vlatex(P.x) 'A1' """ if not isinstance(name, string_types): raise TypeError('Need to supply a valid name') # The if statements below are for custom printing of basis-vectors for # each frame. # First case, when custom indices are supplied if indices is not None: if not isinstance(indices, (tuple, list)): raise TypeError('Supply the indices as a list') if len(indices) != 3: raise ValueError('Supply 3 indices') for i in indices: if not isinstance(i, string_types): raise TypeError('Indices must be strings') self.str_vecs = [(name + '[\'' + indices[0] + '\']'), (name + '[\'' + indices[1] + '\']'), (name + '[\'' + indices[2] + '\']')] self.pretty_vecs = [(name.lower() + u"_" + indices[0]), (name.lower() + u"_" + indices[1]), (name.lower() + u"_" + indices[2])] self.latex_vecs = [(r"\mathbf{\hat{%s}_{%s}}" % (name.lower(), indices[0])), (r"\mathbf{\hat{%s}_{%s}}" % (name.lower(), indices[1])), (r"\mathbf{\hat{%s}_{%s}}" % (name.lower(), indices[2]))] self.indices = indices # Second case, when no custom indices are supplied else: self.str_vecs = [(name + '.x'), (name + '.y'), (name + '.z')] self.pretty_vecs = [name.lower() + u"_x", name.lower() + u"_y", name.lower() + u"_z"] self.latex_vecs = [(r"\mathbf{\hat{%s}_x}" % name.lower()), (r"\mathbf{\hat{%s}_y}" % name.lower()), (r"\mathbf{\hat{%s}_z}" % name.lower())] self.indices = ['x', 'y', 'z'] # Different step, for custom latex basis vectors if latexs is not None: if not isinstance(latexs, (tuple, list)): raise TypeError('Supply the indices as a list') if len(latexs) != 3: raise ValueError('Supply 3 indices') for i in latexs: if not isinstance(i, string_types): raise TypeError('Latex entries must be strings') self.latex_vecs = latexs self.name = name self._var_dict = {} #The _dcm_dict dictionary will only store the dcms of parent-child #relationships. The _dcm_cache dictionary will work as the dcm #cache. self._dcm_dict = {} self._dcm_cache = {} self._ang_vel_dict = {} self._ang_acc_dict = {} self._dlist = [self._dcm_dict, self._ang_vel_dict, self._ang_acc_dict] self._cur = 0 self._x = Vector([(Matrix([1, 0, 0]), self)]) self._y = Vector([(Matrix([0, 1, 0]), self)]) self._z = Vector([(Matrix([0, 0, 1]), self)]) #Associate coordinate symbols wrt this frame if variables is not None: if not isinstance(variables, (tuple, list)): raise TypeError('Supply the variable names as a list/tuple') if len(variables) != 3: raise ValueError('Supply 3 variable names') for i in variables: if not isinstance(i, string_types): raise TypeError('Variable names must be strings') else: variables = [name + '_x', name + '_y', name + '_z'] self.varlist = (CoordinateSym(variables[0], self, 0), \ CoordinateSym(variables[1], self, 1), \ CoordinateSym(variables[2], self, 2)) ReferenceFrame._count += 1 self.index = ReferenceFrame._count def __getitem__(self, ind): """ Returns basis vector for the provided index, if the index is a string. If the index is a number, returns the coordinate variable correspon- -ding to that index. """ if not isinstance(ind, str): if ind < 3: return self.varlist[ind] else: raise ValueError("Invalid index provided") if self.indices[0] == ind: return self.x if self.indices[1] == ind: return self.y if self.indices[2] == ind: return self.z else: raise ValueError('Not a defined index') def __iter__(self): return iter([self.x, self.y, self.z]) def __str__(self): """Returns the name of the frame. """ return self.name __repr__ = __str__ def _dict_list(self, other, num): """Creates a list from self to other using _dcm_dict. """ outlist = [[self]] oldlist = [[]] while outlist != oldlist: oldlist = outlist[:] for i, v in enumerate(outlist): templist = v[-1]._dlist[num].keys() for i2, v2 in enumerate(templist): if not v.__contains__(v2): littletemplist = v + [v2] if not outlist.__contains__(littletemplist): outlist.append(littletemplist) for i, v in enumerate(oldlist): if v[-1] != other: outlist.remove(v) outlist.sort(key=len) if len(outlist) != 0: return outlist[0] raise ValueError('No Connecting Path found between ' + self.name + ' and ' + other.name) def _w_diff_dcm(self, otherframe): """Angular velocity from time differentiating the DCM. """ from sympy.physics.vector.functions import dynamicsymbols dcm2diff = self.dcm(otherframe) diffed = dcm2diff.diff(dynamicsymbols._t) angvelmat = diffed * dcm2diff.T w1 = trigsimp(expand(angvelmat[7]), recursive=True) w2 = trigsimp(expand(angvelmat[2]), recursive=True) w3 = trigsimp(expand(angvelmat[3]), recursive=True) return -Vector([(Matrix([w1, w2, w3]), self)])
[docs] def variable_map(self, otherframe): """ Returns a dictionary which expresses the coordinate variables of this frame in terms of the variables of otherframe. If Vector.simp is True, returns a simplified version of the mapped values. Else, returns them without simplification. Simplification of the expressions may take time. Parameters ========== otherframe : ReferenceFrame The other frame to map the variables to Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, dynamicsymbols >>> A = ReferenceFrame('A') >>> q = dynamicsymbols('q') >>> B = A.orientnew('B', 'Axis', [q, A.z]) >>> A.variable_map(B) {A_x: B_x*cos(q(t)) - B_y*sin(q(t)), A_y: B_x*sin(q(t)) + B_y*cos(q(t)), A_z: B_z} """ _check_frame(otherframe) if (otherframe, Vector.simp) in self._var_dict: return self._var_dict[(otherframe, Vector.simp)] else: vars_matrix = self.dcm(otherframe) * Matrix(otherframe.varlist) mapping = {} for i, x in enumerate(self): if Vector.simp: mapping[self.varlist[i]] = trigsimp(vars_matrix[i], method='fu') else: mapping[self.varlist[i]] = vars_matrix[i] self._var_dict[(otherframe, Vector.simp)] = mapping return mapping
[docs] def ang_acc_in(self, otherframe): """Returns the angular acceleration Vector of the ReferenceFrame. Effectively returns the Vector: ^N alpha ^B which represent the angular acceleration of B in N, where B is self, and N is otherframe. Parameters ========== otherframe : ReferenceFrame The ReferenceFrame which the angular acceleration is returned in. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, Vector >>> N = ReferenceFrame('N') >>> A = ReferenceFrame('A') >>> V = 10 * N.x >>> A.set_ang_acc(N, V) >>> A.ang_acc_in(N) 10*N.x """ _check_frame(otherframe) if otherframe in self._ang_acc_dict: return self._ang_acc_dict[otherframe] else: return self.ang_vel_in(otherframe).dt(otherframe)
[docs] def ang_vel_in(self, otherframe): """Returns the angular velocity Vector of the ReferenceFrame. Effectively returns the Vector: ^N omega ^B which represent the angular velocity of B in N, where B is self, and N is otherframe. Parameters ========== otherframe : ReferenceFrame The ReferenceFrame which the angular velocity is returned in. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, Vector >>> N = ReferenceFrame('N') >>> A = ReferenceFrame('A') >>> V = 10 * N.x >>> A.set_ang_vel(N, V) >>> A.ang_vel_in(N) 10*N.x """ _check_frame(otherframe) flist = self._dict_list(otherframe, 1) outvec = Vector(0) for i in range(len(flist) - 1): outvec += flist[i]._ang_vel_dict[flist[i + 1]] return outvec
[docs] def dcm(self, otherframe): """The direction cosine matrix between frames. This gives the DCM between this frame and the otherframe. The format is N.xyz = N.dcm(B) * B.xyz A SymPy Matrix is returned. Parameters ========== otherframe : ReferenceFrame The otherframe which the DCM is generated to. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, Vector >>> from sympy import symbols >>> q1 = symbols('q1') >>> N = ReferenceFrame('N') >>> A = N.orientnew('A', 'Axis', [q1, N.x]) >>> N.dcm(A) Matrix([ [1, 0, 0], [0, cos(q1), -sin(q1)], [0, sin(q1), cos(q1)]]) """ _check_frame(otherframe) #Check if the dcm wrt that frame has already been calculated if otherframe in self._dcm_cache: return self._dcm_cache[otherframe] flist = self._dict_list(otherframe, 0) outdcm = eye(3) for i in range(len(flist) - 1): outdcm = outdcm * flist[i]._dcm_dict[flist[i + 1]] #After calculation, store the dcm in dcm cache for faster #future retrieval self._dcm_cache[otherframe] = outdcm otherframe._dcm_cache[self] = outdcm.T return outdcm
[docs] def orient(self, parent, rot_type, amounts, rot_order=''): """Defines the orientation of this frame relative to a parent frame. Parameters ========== parent : ReferenceFrame The frame that this ReferenceFrame will have its orientation matrix defined in relation to. rot_type : str The type of orientation matrix that is being created. Supported types are 'Body', 'Space', 'Quaternion', 'Axis', and 'DCM'. See examples for correct usage. amounts : list OR value The quantities that the orientation matrix will be defined by. In case of rot_type='DCM', value must be a sympy.matrices.MatrixBase object (or subclasses of it). rot_order : str If applicable, the order of a series of rotations. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, Vector >>> from sympy import symbols, eye, ImmutableMatrix >>> q0, q1, q2, q3 = symbols('q0 q1 q2 q3') >>> N = ReferenceFrame('N') >>> B = ReferenceFrame('B') Now we have a choice of how to implement the orientation. First is Body. Body orientation takes this reference frame through three successive simple rotations. Acceptable rotation orders are of length 3, expressed in XYZ or 123, and cannot have a rotation about about an axis twice in a row. >>> B.orient(N, 'Body', [q1, q2, q3], '123') >>> B.orient(N, 'Body', [q1, q2, 0], 'ZXZ') >>> B.orient(N, 'Body', [0, 0, 0], 'XYX') Next is Space. Space is like Body, but the rotations are applied in the opposite order. >>> B.orient(N, 'Space', [q1, q2, q3], '312') Next is Quaternion. This orients the new ReferenceFrame with Quaternions, defined as a finite rotation about lambda, a unit vector, by some amount theta. This orientation is described by four parameters: q0 = cos(theta/2) q1 = lambda_x sin(theta/2) q2 = lambda_y sin(theta/2) q3 = lambda_z sin(theta/2) Quaternion does not take in a rotation order. >>> B.orient(N, 'Quaternion', [q0, q1, q2, q3]) Next is Axis. This is a rotation about an arbitrary, non-time-varying axis by some angle. The axis is supplied as a Vector. This is how simple rotations are defined. >>> B.orient(N, 'Axis', [q1, N.x + 2 * N.y]) Last is DCM (Direction Cosine Matrix). This is a rotation matrix given manually. >>> B.orient(N, 'DCM', eye(3)) >>> B.orient(N, 'DCM', ImmutableMatrix([[0, 1, 0], [0, 0, -1], [-1, 0, 0]])) """ from sympy.physics.vector.functions import dynamicsymbols _check_frame(parent) # Allow passing a rotation matrix manually. if rot_type == 'DCM': # When rot_type == 'DCM', then amounts must be a Matrix type object # (e.g. sympy.matrices.dense.MutableDenseMatrix). if not isinstance(amounts, MatrixBase): raise TypeError("Amounts must be a sympy Matrix type object.") else: amounts = list(amounts) for i, v in enumerate(amounts): if not isinstance(v, Vector): amounts[i] = sympify(v) def _rot(axis, angle): """DCM for simple axis 1,2,or 3 rotations. """ if axis == 1: return Matrix([[1, 0, 0], [0, cos(angle), -sin(angle)], [0, sin(angle), cos(angle)]]) elif axis == 2: return Matrix([[cos(angle), 0, sin(angle)], [0, 1, 0], [-sin(angle), 0, cos(angle)]]) elif axis == 3: return Matrix([[cos(angle), -sin(angle), 0], [sin(angle), cos(angle), 0], [0, 0, 1]]) approved_orders = ('123', '231', '312', '132', '213', '321', '121', '131', '212', '232', '313', '323', '') rot_order = str( rot_order).upper() # Now we need to make sure XYZ = 123 rot_type = rot_type.upper() rot_order = [i.replace('X', '1') for i in rot_order] rot_order = [i.replace('Y', '2') for i in rot_order] rot_order = [i.replace('Z', '3') for i in rot_order] rot_order = ''.join(rot_order) if not rot_order in approved_orders: raise TypeError('The supplied order is not an approved type') parent_orient = [] if rot_type == 'AXIS': if not rot_order == '': raise TypeError('Axis orientation takes no rotation order') if not (isinstance(amounts, (list, tuple)) & (len(amounts) == 2)): raise TypeError('Amounts are a list or tuple of length 2') theta = amounts[0] axis = amounts[1] axis = _check_vector(axis) if not axis.dt(parent) == 0: raise ValueError('Axis cannot be time-varying') axis = axis.express(parent).normalize() axis = axis.args[0][0] parent_orient = ((eye(3) - axis * axis.T) * cos(theta) + Matrix([[0, -axis[2], axis[1]], [axis[2], 0, -axis[0]], [-axis[1], axis[0], 0]]) * sin(theta) + axis * axis.T) elif rot_type == 'QUATERNION': if not rot_order == '': raise TypeError( 'Quaternion orientation takes no rotation order') if not (isinstance(amounts, (list, tuple)) & (len(amounts) == 4)): raise TypeError('Amounts are a list or tuple of length 4') q0, q1, q2, q3 = amounts parent_orient = (Matrix([[q0 ** 2 + q1 ** 2 - q2 ** 2 - q3 ** 2, 2 * (q1 * q2 - q0 * q3), 2 * (q0 * q2 + q1 * q3)], [2 * (q1 * q2 + q0 * q3), q0 ** 2 - q1 ** 2 + q2 ** 2 - q3 ** 2, 2 * (q2 * q3 - q0 * q1)], [2 * (q1 * q3 - q0 * q2), 2 * (q0 * q1 + q2 * q3), q0 ** 2 - q1 ** 2 - q2 ** 2 + q3 ** 2]])) elif rot_type == 'BODY': if not (len(amounts) == 3 & len(rot_order) == 3): raise TypeError('Body orientation takes 3 values & 3 orders') a1 = int(rot_order[0]) a2 = int(rot_order[1]) a3 = int(rot_order[2]) parent_orient = (_rot(a1, amounts[0]) * _rot(a2, amounts[1]) * _rot(a3, amounts[2])) elif rot_type == 'SPACE': if not (len(amounts) == 3 & len(rot_order) == 3): raise TypeError('Space orientation takes 3 values & 3 orders') a1 = int(rot_order[0]) a2 = int(rot_order[1]) a3 = int(rot_order[2]) parent_orient = (_rot(a3, amounts[2]) * _rot(a2, amounts[1]) * _rot(a1, amounts[0])) elif rot_type == 'DCM': parent_orient = amounts else: raise NotImplementedError('That is not an implemented rotation') #Reset the _dcm_cache of this frame, and remove it from the _dcm_caches #of the frames it is linked to. Also remove it from the _dcm_dict of #its parent frames = self._dcm_cache.keys() dcm_dict_del = [] dcm_cache_del = [] for frame in frames: if frame in self._dcm_dict: dcm_dict_del += [frame] dcm_cache_del += [frame] for frame in dcm_dict_del: del frame._dcm_dict[self] for frame in dcm_cache_del: del frame._dcm_cache[self] #Add the dcm relationship to _dcm_dict self._dcm_dict = self._dlist[0] = {} self._dcm_dict.update({parent: parent_orient.T}) parent._dcm_dict.update({self: parent_orient}) #Also update the dcm cache after resetting it self._dcm_cache = {} self._dcm_cache.update({parent: parent_orient.T}) parent._dcm_cache.update({self: parent_orient}) if rot_type == 'QUATERNION': t = dynamicsymbols._t q0, q1, q2, q3 = amounts q0d = diff(q0, t) q1d = diff(q1, t) q2d = diff(q2, t) q3d = diff(q3, t) w1 = 2 * (q1d * q0 + q2d * q3 - q3d * q2 - q0d * q1) w2 = 2 * (q2d * q0 + q3d * q1 - q1d * q3 - q0d * q2) w3 = 2 * (q3d * q0 + q1d * q2 - q2d * q1 - q0d * q3) wvec = Vector([(Matrix([w1, w2, w3]), self)]) elif rot_type == 'AXIS': thetad = (amounts[0]).diff(dynamicsymbols._t) wvec = thetad * amounts[1].express(parent).normalize() elif rot_type == 'DCM': wvec = self._w_diff_dcm(parent) else: try: from sympy.polys.polyerrors import CoercionFailed from sympy.physics.vector.functions import kinematic_equations q1, q2, q3 = amounts u1, u2, u3 = symbols('u1, u2, u3', cls=Dummy) templist = kinematic_equations([u1, u2, u3], [q1, q2, q3], rot_type, rot_order) templist = [expand(i) for i in templist] td = solve(templist, [u1, u2, u3]) u1 = expand(td[u1]) u2 = expand(td[u2]) u3 = expand(td[u3]) wvec = u1 * self.x + u2 * self.y + u3 * self.z except (CoercionFailed, AssertionError): wvec = self._w_diff_dcm(parent) self._ang_vel_dict.update({parent: wvec}) parent._ang_vel_dict.update({self: -wvec}) self._var_dict = {}
[docs] def orientnew(self, newname, rot_type, amounts, rot_order='', variables=None, indices=None, latexs=None): """Creates a new ReferenceFrame oriented with respect to this Frame. See ReferenceFrame.orient() for acceptable rotation types, amounts, and orders. Parent is going to be self. Parameters ========== newname : str The name for the new ReferenceFrame rot_type : str The type of orientation matrix that is being created. amounts : list OR value The quantities that the orientation matrix will be defined by. rot_order : str If applicable, the order of a series of rotations. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, Vector >>> from sympy import symbols >>> q0, q1, q2, q3 = symbols('q0 q1 q2 q3') >>> N = ReferenceFrame('N') Now we have a choice of how to implement the orientation. First is Body. Body orientation takes this reference frame through three successive simple rotations. Acceptable rotation orders are of length 3, expressed in XYZ or 123, and cannot have a rotation about about an axis twice in a row. >>> A = N.orientnew('A', 'Body', [q1, q2, q3], '123') >>> A = N.orientnew('A', 'Body', [q1, q2, 0], 'ZXZ') >>> A = N.orientnew('A', 'Body', [0, 0, 0], 'XYX') Next is Space. Space is like Body, but the rotations are applied in the opposite order. >>> A = N.orientnew('A', 'Space', [q1, q2, q3], '312') Next is Quaternion. This orients the new ReferenceFrame with Quaternions, defined as a finite rotation about lambda, a unit vector, by some amount theta. This orientation is described by four parameters: q0 = cos(theta/2) q1 = lambda_x sin(theta/2) q2 = lambda_y sin(theta/2) q3 = lambda_z sin(theta/2) Quaternion does not take in a rotation order. >>> A = N.orientnew('A', 'Quaternion', [q0, q1, q2, q3]) Last is Axis. This is a rotation about an arbitrary, non-time-varying axis by some angle. The axis is supplied as a Vector. This is how simple rotations are defined. >>> A = N.orientnew('A', 'Axis', [q1, N.x]) """ newframe = self.__class__(newname, variables, indices, latexs) newframe.orient(self, rot_type, amounts, rot_order) return newframe
[docs] def set_ang_acc(self, otherframe, value): """Define the angular acceleration Vector in a ReferenceFrame. Defines the angular acceleration of this ReferenceFrame, in another. Angular acceleration can be defined with respect to multiple different ReferenceFrames. Care must be taken to not create loops which are inconsistent. Parameters ========== otherframe : ReferenceFrame A ReferenceFrame to define the angular acceleration in value : Vector The Vector representing angular acceleration Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, Vector >>> N = ReferenceFrame('N') >>> A = ReferenceFrame('A') >>> V = 10 * N.x >>> A.set_ang_acc(N, V) >>> A.ang_acc_in(N) 10*N.x """ if value == 0: value = Vector(0) value = _check_vector(value) _check_frame(otherframe) self._ang_acc_dict.update({otherframe: value}) otherframe._ang_acc_dict.update({self: -value})
[docs] def set_ang_vel(self, otherframe, value): """Define the angular velocity vector in a ReferenceFrame. Defines the angular velocity of this ReferenceFrame, in another. Angular velocity can be defined with respect to multiple different ReferenceFrames. Care must be taken to not create loops which are inconsistent. Parameters ========== otherframe : ReferenceFrame A ReferenceFrame to define the angular velocity in value : Vector The Vector representing angular velocity Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, Vector >>> N = ReferenceFrame('N') >>> A = ReferenceFrame('A') >>> V = 10 * N.x >>> A.set_ang_vel(N, V) >>> A.ang_vel_in(N) 10*N.x """ if value == 0: value = Vector(0) value = _check_vector(value) _check_frame(otherframe) self._ang_vel_dict.update({otherframe: value}) otherframe._ang_vel_dict.update({self: -value})
@property def x(self): """The basis Vector for the ReferenceFrame, in the x direction. """ return self._x @property def y(self): """The basis Vector for the ReferenceFrame, in the y direction. """ return self._y @property def z(self): """The basis Vector for the ReferenceFrame, in the z direction. """ return self._z
[docs] def partial_velocity(self, frame, *gen_speeds): """Returns the partial angular velocities of this frame in the given frame with respect to one or more provided generalized speeds. Parameters ========== frame : ReferenceFrame The frame with which the angular velocity is defined in. gen_speeds : functions of time The generalized speeds. Returns ======= partial_velocities : tuple of Vector The partial angular velocity vectors corresponding to the provided generalized speeds. Examples ======== >>> from sympy.physics.vector import ReferenceFrame, dynamicsymbols >>> N = ReferenceFrame('N') >>> A = ReferenceFrame('A') >>> u1, u2 = dynamicsymbols('u1, u2') >>> A.set_ang_vel(N, u1 * A.x + u2 * N.y) >>> A.partial_velocity(N, u1) A.x >>> A.partial_velocity(N, u1, u2) (A.x, N.y) """ partials = [self.ang_vel_in(frame).diff(speed, frame, var_in_dcm=False) for speed in gen_speeds] if len(partials) == 1: return partials[0] else: return tuple(partials)
def _check_frame(other): from .vector import VectorTypeError if not isinstance(other, ReferenceFrame): raise VectorTypeError(other, ReferenceFrame('A'))