# Shor’s Algorithm¶

Shor’s algorithm and helper functions.

Todo:

• Get the CMod gate working again using the new Gate API.

• Fix everything.

• Update docstrings and reformat.

class sympy.physics.quantum.shor.CMod(*args, **kwargs)[source]

A controlled mod gate.

This is black box controlled Mod function for use by shor’s algorithm. TODO: implement a decompose property that returns how to do this in terms of elementary gates

property N

N is the type of modular arithmetic we are doing.

property a

Base of the controlled mod function.

property t

Size of 1/2 input register. First 1/2 holds output.

sympy.physics.quantum.shor.period_find(a, N)[source]

Finds the period of a in modulo N arithmetic

This is quantum part of Shor’s algorithm. It takes two registers, puts first in superposition of states with Hadamards so: `|k>|0>` with k being all possible choices. It then does a controlled mod and a QFT to determine the order of a.

sympy.physics.quantum.shor.shor(N)[source]

This function implements Shor’s factoring algorithm on the Integer N

The algorithm starts by picking a random number (a) and seeing if it is coprime with N. If it is not, then the gcd of the two numbers is a factor and we are done. Otherwise, it begins the period_finding subroutine which finds the period of a in modulo N arithmetic. This period, if even, can be used to calculate factors by taking a**(r/2)-1 and a**(r/2)+1. These values are returned.